Wiring Diagrams for Double Gang Boxes
–Check local regulations for restrictions and permit requirements before beginning electrical work–
This page contains wiring diagrams for two outlets in one box. Included are arrangements for 2 receptacles in one box, a switch and receptacle outlet in one box, and 2 switches in the same box. Both parallel and series wiring arrangements are included.
Parallel Wiring Two Outlet in One Box
In this diagram, two duplex receptacle outlets are wired in parallel in one double-gang box. With this wiring, the two outlets are separated so if one fails the other will still work.
Series Wiring Two Outlets in One Box
Here two receptacles are wired in series in one outlet box. With this arrangement, if receptacle #1 fails, receptacle #2 may also fail if failure is due to physical damage. However, if the copper tab conductors between the terminals remain intact, even if #1 stops functioning, receptacle #2 will probably still work.
Two Receptacles, Two Sources
In this diagram, two receptacle outlets are wired in the same box with a separate 120 volt source feeding each. Three-wire cable runs into the box. The black and red wires are hot and each is connected to one of the receptacles. The white, neutral wire is splice to each outlet so they share the return path. This is appropriate for standard duplex receptacles, but should not be used for GFCI receptacles. GFCI's must have dedicated neutral connections to work properly.
Two Switches in One Box
In this arrangement with 2 switches in one box, the bottom terminals are connected to pigtails spliced to the source. The top switch terminals connect to the black wires running to the light fixtures. The source neutral and ground wires are spliced to run to each light box.
Two Switches, Two Hot Wires
This diagram shows two switches in the same box with two separate 120 volt sources. Three-wire cable is supplying the source for both switches with the black and red wires going to the bottom switch terminals. The black wire from each light is connected to the top terminal of their respective switch. The white and ground wires are spliced to run to each light fixture.
Light Switch and Outlet in Same Box
In this diagram, a light switch and receptacle outlet are wired in the same box. Both devices are spliced to the same source and the neutral connects to the neutral on the receptacle and is spliced through to the light fixture located in a separate box.
Switch and Outlet Same Box Mid Circuit
This diagram illustrates a switch and receptacle in the same outlet box located in the middle of the circuit. This wiring allows the electricity to continue from the receptacle, on to any other outlets in the circuit and it provides a switch to control a light fixture or other load, such as another receptacle or a fan.
Light Switch Controls Receptacle
In this wiring, a switch and receptacle are in the same box and the switch controls the power to the outlet. The hot wire connects to the bottom terminal on the switch and the top output goes to the receptacle hot terminal. The neutral wire from the source connects directly to the receptacle neutral.